UNESCO calls to regulate digital platforms amid online disinformation and hate
UNESCO’s Internet For Trust Conference held on February 21 to 23 brought together 4,300 participants to discuss regulatory solutions to the ongoing crisis of online information – the first ever such global conference.
Speakers from UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay to the Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and 2021 Nobel Peace Prize winner Maria Ressa underlined the urgent need for common global guidelines to improve the reliability of information while protecting human rights.
The Internet For Trust Conference served as a high point in a global dialogue launched by UNESCO to develop first global guidelines for the regulation of social media to improve the reliability of information and promote human rights online.
The Organization involved all stakeholders: governments, independent regulators, digital companies, academia and civil society. The guidelines will be launched by UNESCO in September 2023.
Maria Ressa, Nobel Laureate journalist, said: “Lies spread faster than facts. For some reason, facts are really boring. Lies – especially when laced with fear, with anger, with hate, with tribalism (us against them)—they spread like throwing a lit match into kindling.”
She cautioned that if we continue to tolerate social media algorithms which reward lies, future generations would inherit a world in which truth has been dangerously devalued. “Without facts, you can’t have truth, without truth, you can’t have trust, and we have no shared reality”.
In his message to the Conference, the President of Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva recalled the violent attacks on democratic institutions in Brazil on January 8.
President da Silva said what happened that day was the culmination of a campaign, initiated much earlier, and that used lies and disinformation as ammunition. To a large extent, this campaign was nurtured, organized, and disseminated through digital platforms and messaging apps. This is the same method used to generate acts of violence elsewhere in the world. It must stop.
Regulation coordinated and anchored in human rights
The Director-General of UNESCO pointed out the proliferation of regulatory initiatives — at least 55 countries are working on these. But she advocated a coherent, global approach, based on human rights.
“If these regulatory initiatives are developed in isolation, with each country working in their own corner, they are doomed to fail. Information disruption is by definition a global problem, so our reflections must take place at the global scale,” she said.
The Director-General urged all countries to join UNESCO’s efforts to transform the internet into a tool which is truly at the service of the public and that helps assure the right to freedom of expression, a right which includes the right to seek and receive information.
Katrín Jakobsdóttir, Prime Minister of Iceland, said: “Discussions, such as the ones we are having now in Paris, are immensely important.
“It’s important to figure out a common set of guidelines on how to regulate this digital space. Technology cannot be misused to suppress people, to surveil or harass, or to shut down the internet.”
AMIC SG Ramon R. Tuazon attended the conference and presented a paper in one of the side events, entitled, “The Role of the Multi Donor Programme on Freedom of Expression and Safety of Journalists (MDP) in Translating The Outcomes of the Global Multistakeholder Discussion, Into Practical Work and Results on The Ground.” This was held on 21 February 2023.